There are more than 3,000 different mosquitos species on earth, however in Singapore, the most common species are the culex, anopheles, and aedes mosquitos. Mosquitos are known for transmitting some of the deadliest viruses such as Zika virus or dengue, therefore one should engage a pest control company to do mosquitos pest control for their premise if you are aware of a mosquitos infestation in a premise.
The 3 Common Types of Mosquitos Species
– Look: they have a yellow-like colored body, with mostly gray and white, silver, green or blue scales
– They transmit diseases such as: West Nile Virus, Western/Eastern Equine Encephalitis
Anopheles (Malaria) Mosquitos:
– Look: They have distinct black and white shingles placed on top of each other and a slimmer body shape comparatively
– They transmit diseases such as: malaria
– Look: Distinct black and white scales on their body
– They transmit diseases such as: Zika, Chikungunya, Yellow Fever, Dengue
Signs of Mosquitos Infestation
• Mosquitos larvae present in stagnant water or dirty water
• You observe many of them near the water (where they most likely are laying their eggs)
• Many buzzing sounds can be heard near you
• Many red itchy mosquitos bites received, even after one of them is killed
How often do they feed / bite
Only the female mosquitos feed, while the male mosquitos feed on the nectar of plants. Female mosquitos would require the nutrition found in blood for the reproduction of their eggs. The females suck about five millionths (or 0.000005) of a litre of blood in a single serving. They can drink up to 3 times their body weight.
There is actually no specific limit as to how many bites a day does a female mosquito perform. They will continue to bite until they are full. Once they have consumed enough blood, they will rest up to 3 days before laying their eggs. Once this is done, they will proceed to bite again.
Why do their bites inch
Mosquito bites are itchy because of how your body reacts to the mosquito bite itself. The bites swell and itch because your body is having a very mild allergic reaction to the mosquito’s saliva. As the blood vessels around the bitten area begin to swell, the nerves become irritated. To combat the anticoagulant delivered by the mosquito’s saliva, your body releases a histamine, making the area around the bite inflamed and itchy.
The mosquito’s proboscis is sharp at the end with parts that can quickly pierce the skin. When the mosquito lands, her senses allow her to find just the right spot to pierce the skin and access the blood. The mosquito then injects saliva that prevents clotting and numbs the area so you don’t feel the bite, allowing the mosquito to feed undisturbed. When mosquitoes fly away, they leave behind saliva that prevents clotting and anesthetizes the area. This is where your body takes over. It sees the mosquito saliva as a foreign substance and attacks those substances, leading to an allergic reaction.
Symptoms of Dengue Fever
· Continuous high fever
· Red rashes on skin
· Acute pain on joints
· Loss of appetite
· Bleeding from nose, skin or even gums
How To Avoid Mosquitos Bites
A mosquito bite is not usually painful, but the itchiness that follows a bite can cause some discomfort. However, over the years, the numbers of dengue cases and fatalities reported have been quite alarming.
To reduce your chances of being bitten:
· Wear brighter coloured clothing
· Wear long sleeve coverings to reduce exposed skin
· Avoid areas where there is stagnant water present
· Apply a repellent when needed
· Utilise these natural repellents: lavender, lemongrass, rosemary, cedarwood, peppermint, citronella, and geraniol, garlic, basil oil, etc.
· Remove stagnant water
· Remove dense vegetation
· Use mosquitos repellents
· Engage a pest control company to do thermal fogging
If you are unsure if you have a mosquitos infestation in your premise, consult us today and let us do an inspection in your premise.