Rats are one of the most dangerous kinds of pests among the many pets out there (ants, booklice, etc.) due to the fact that it is an avid carrier of several diseases (they can spread over 35 diseases). They can spread these diseases to both humans and animals. Today, we have created a list of DIY remedies compiled by many experts in the industry.
Signs of a rat infestation
Rats are always in search of shelter, food and water. They are also nocturnal in nature, and thus would go into hiding during the daytime, which means that they may be difficult to spot. Here are 5 signs that indicate that there is indeed a rat or rat infestation in your premise.
(1) Strong ammonia smell and sound
If there is more than one rodent in your home, there is a high chance that you might be able to catch their smell, as they carry a very strong smell wherever they go. In addition, they are often quite noisy and would make a combination of squeaking, scrabbling and hissing sounds.
(2) Rat droppings
Rats pass about 40 dark pellet-shaped droppings each day (up to 14mm long in size) and are commonly found around food packages, drawers, and hidden areas where they hide in.
(3) Smears on walls
Due to their poor eyesight, rodents tend to move along established routes along the walls and partings that aid in their navigation. Their body is often dirty, and thus they would leave a smear (rub marks) of dirt as their bodies brush on the walls or any type of surfaces.
(4) Rat footprints
Rats leave a trial mark of dust and dirt. An easy way to detect their small footprints is by sprinkling fine flour or talc in suspected areas and they will reveal their tracks.
(5) Damages done to cables or electrical wiring
You can check the edges of decked areas for signs of burrowing. In addition, check your electrical cables and wires as they are susceptible to rats chewing. Wires are common objects for rats to grind their teeth against. It is said that rats like to chew on almost anything: from plastic, rubber, wood, etc. to prevent their teeth from over growing.
(6) Rats nests or holes
Rodents will make their nest out of materials such as: fabric, cotton, plant remains, human-made wreckage, and even twigs. An ideal location for their nesting are: in attics, crawlspaces, between walls, in boxed-in plumbing, and under porches.
So how do you prevent a rats infestation in your home?
How To Prevent Rats Infestation In Your Home
(1) Seal entry points
Rats will usually enter your home through gaps and holes, thus it is important that you identify your premise’s entry points and seal them off.
(2) Clean and throw your trash
Rats love the leftover food or remains that we throw into the garbage, and thus it is important to clear your trash regularly and prevent any leftovers from being aired for too long.
(3) Eliminate open food and water sources
If you have a piping or water leakage issue, then it is crucial that you get it fixed as soon as possible. A water leakage can attract rats to gather. Be sure to not leave any food lying around and keep your refrigerator tight.
(4) Keep your balcony or garden (if applicable) tidy
This is a placed that is often overlooked, and thus it is important that you clear up debris and woodpiles to prevent rats from creating their own nesting area in your garden.
Home Remedies To Get Rid of Rats
01 Peppermint oil
Rats do not like the smell of peppermint, and a quick hack will be to put these oil in cotton balls, and station them in your premise’s entry points. Remember to change these cotton balls once in a while as well.
02 Instant potato powder
It is said that instant potato powder can act as a natural poison. When the rat consumes it, the potato flakes will swell up the intestines of the rats, and kill them.
Rats also hate the smell of fresh onions. However, note that as much as it can deter the rats, onions can rot easily and can be toxic to your occupants or pets at home.
Mix chopped garlic with water, and place them in your premise’s entry points to deter rats from coming into your home.
05 Cloves or clove oil
Rats also do not like clove oil or a cloves.
Pour ammonia into small bowls and place them in the infested spots. Rats do not like the strong smell created by ammonia.
The Limitations of These Remedies
Rat poison is definitely lethal to rats, however rats are smart enough to notice that if their own breed dies, they will know to avoid it. This DIY method is not full proof, because if your home is infested with more than 1 rat, then the likelihood that the rest of the rat will take the poison is much lower. Rat poison also does not help to identify the source of your premise’s rat infestation.
Traps and Baits
Like rat poison, traps are effective to get rid of 1 or 2 rats, but as mentioned, they grow to be smarter and they can also learn to avoid those traps.
Call An Exterminator If Necessary Today
All in all, DIY methods may solve a small rat issue in your premise, but it does not help to identify the root cause of your rat infestation. If you experiencing a rat infestation still, it is advised that you contact a pest control company in Singapore that offers reliable rats control services to solve the root of your pest issue.