Often called the “silent destroyer”, termites are considered the most destructive pests in the world. There are over 200 different species in the world. In Singapore, termites that cause property damage are primarily of the Coptotermes species. A typical colony consists of a king, queen, soldiers, workers and alates (winged termites). The most dangerous ones are the worker termites as they form the largest numbers within the colony. The worker termites do all the work from feeding, grooming, excavating the nest and make tunnels. By doing their jobs, these worker termites can cause massive destruction to your home by eating away at everything.
Termites are detritus feeders or detritivores, to imply that they depend mainly on dead plants & trees especially wood in the soil,house furniture’s, foundations, books, and even shelves are all common feeding habitat for the termites.
Mud tubes on wall – Subterranean termites like to build shelter tubes made of mud on the wall or structure so they can move around without being seen as they cannot be seen in light.
Subterranean termites have various rates of growth from egg stage to the adult stage depending on the individual termite species of one first queen in a colony which can lay thousands of eggs in lifetime.However, the eggs can also be laid through supplementary reproductives of an established colony.
Eliminating Subterranean Termites
The Baiting Concepts
Termite baiting systems capitalise on the natural behaviour of termites. As social insects, termites share their food in a process known as trophallaxis. This trait allows slow acting toxicants to be transferred through the colony. It is important that the action of the toxicant is slow enough to allow the termites to feed, travel back to their nest, and share before taking effect.
The key to this concept is the use of a system that attracts termites to a readily accessible feeding station containing a suitable bait matrix, that is then carried back to the nest. In time, the slow acting toxicant will have reduced the numbers to a level that can no longer maintain the colony, which ultimately falls “sick” and dies.
Conventional termiticide treatments often involve the drilling and pumping of large volumes of chemical into the soil with a variety of associated side effects including disturbance and even property damage. In comparison, termite baiting is an environmentally friendly way of treating termite infestations, using very small amounts of a pest-specific chemical in a non-disruptive low hazard application. Baits are ideal for all situations, even those sensitive to insecticide use.